Erdogan’s Gamble

Receb Tayyip Erdogan is modern Turkey’s longest running head of the state after the founder of the Turkish republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Born in a poor neighborhood of Istanbul to a religious teacher, Erdogan heads the ruling Justice Party of Turkey. Erdogan has not only overseen transformation of Turkey into a modern economy, he has […]

Hybrid Warfare – Challenges by Pakistan

The article was published in Strategic Thought, a Journal of National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad Abstract In order to achieve the political aims, the traditional means of kinetic warfare have always been supplemented by aggressive diplomacy, economic coercion, intelligence gathering, propaganda and proxy wars. A combination of all these tools is essential for a nation […]

Civil Military Relation and Stabilization in Federally Administered Areas (FATA)

Abstract The importance of civil military relations assumes seminal importance in ensuring the success of all phases of a counter insurgency campaign. In the true tradition of the Clausewitzian dictum that war is the continuation of policy and vice versa; Pakistan Army has been employed as a matter of policy in counter insurgency operations in […]