The Resolution of Pakistan India Conflict through a Plebiscite in Kashmir

International Asia Pacific Symposium organized by Istanbul Gelisim University 23-24 October 2019 Abstract Pakistan and India have been locked in conflict, ever since they became independent states at the end of the British colonial rule in 1947. They have gone to war and have experienced regular bouts of high tension verging on the outbreak of […]

Pak-US Relationship in the Light of Expected US Exit from Afghanistan

Annual International Conference Beyond Europe: Toward a New Global Order Organized by The Faculty of Political Science and Journalism Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland 5-6 December 2019 Abstract  Pak-US relationship has a convoluted past and an extremely uncertain future. Depending which lens of international relations one uses to view this association, one arrives at […]

Erdogan’s Gamble

Receb Tayyip Erdogan is modern Turkey’s longest running head of the state after the founder of the Turkish republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Born in a poor neighborhood of Istanbul to a religious teacher, Erdogan heads the ruling Justice Party of Turkey. Erdogan has not only overseen transformation of Turkey into a modern economy, he has […]

Hybrid Warfare – Challenges by Pakistan

The article was published in Strategic Thought, a Journal of National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad Abstract In order to achieve the political aims, the traditional means of kinetic warfare have always been supplemented by aggressive diplomacy, economic coercion, intelligence gathering, propaganda and proxy wars. A combination of all these tools is essential for a nation […]

Civil Military Relation and Stabilization in Federally Administered Areas (FATA)

Abstract The importance of civil military relations assumes seminal importance in ensuring the success of all phases of a counter insurgency campaign. In the true tradition of the Clausewitzian dictum that war is the continuation of policy and vice versa; Pakistan Army has been employed as a matter of policy in counter insurgency operations in […]