Islamic Peacekeeping Force – The future of Islamic Military Alliance (IMA)

Published in Journal of Pak Army Green Book 2018 Abstract The standard peacekeeping model of intrusive international diplomacy emerged after the creation of the UN in the post-World War II era. A typical peacekeeping force is composed of soldiers and policemen belonging to a group of nations willing to contribute troops and funds for a […]

Pak-US Relationship in the Light of Expected US Exit from Afghanistan

Annual International Conference Beyond Europe: Toward a New Global Order Organized by The Faculty of Political Science and Journalism Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland 5-6 December 2019 Abstract  Pak-US relationship has a convoluted past and an extremely uncertain future. Depending which lens of international relations one uses to view this association, one arrives at […]

Hybrid Warfare – Challenges by Pakistan

The article was published in Strategic Thought, a Journal of National Defence University (NDU), Islamabad Abstract In order to achieve the political aims, the traditional means of kinetic warfare have always been supplemented by aggressive diplomacy, economic coercion, intelligence gathering, propaganda and proxy wars. A combination of all these tools is essential for a nation […]

Nuclear Mainstreaming of Pakistan: Does Pakistan Need It?

Abstract Ever since it dropped atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki towards the end of the Second World War, successive US governments have used all manner of diplomatic, economic and military tools to prevent other nations from getting the bomb. International nuclear non-proliferation agenda is a top US foreign policy priority. […]

TTP Challenging the Writ: Military Action and Results

Abstract The Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan or TTP for short is a loose group of Jihadi organizations, who pursue separate agendas but are united in their bid to challenge the writ of the state in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Their operations are not bound by geographical constraints and extend into the settled areas and other […]